In order to assist the developing countries in mitigating and adapting to the adverse impacts of climate change, financial resources are being mobilized globally through shared platforms as well as public climate finance commitments by developed countries under the UNFCCC. According to Global Landscape of Climate Finance (2014) published by Climate Policy Initiative, in 2013, annual global climate finance flows totaled approximately USD 331 billion. According to the report, climate finance flows were split almost equally between developed (OECD) and developing (non- OECD) countries, USD 164 billion and USD 165 billion respectively. Being one of the most climate vulnerable countries in the world, Bangladesh is actively investing in the field of climate change. The Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP) outline a framework for climate change investments in the country. Though Bangladesh receives fund in the sector through various internal and external channels, there are still scopes for introducing an established and widely-accepted monitoring mechanism that can ensure transparency and accountability. To understand the extent and type of support that is being made available to precede action on climate-resilient development and to comprehend how the support is corresponding to the needs, and whether the financial resources are being spent productively, it is important to monitor the finance mechanism holistically and in details. Climate Finance Transparency Mechanism (CFTM) has been initiated in January 2017 and is being implemented by a consortium (consortium-1) among Centre for Climate Change and Environmental Research (C3ER), BRAC University, International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) and the Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) in association with the British Council. Consortium-2 of this project constitutes Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (CSRL) and Coastal Association for Social Transformation Trust (COAST Trust) as the local level partner. The CFTM project is an innovative project that would enable the funding for climate change in Bangladesh to be more effective in helping the most vulnerable communities become better adapted to climate change impacts and help improve the overall levels of transparency in governance in general in Bangladesh. The goal of this project is to increase the efficacy of climate change funds both from government and donors in tackling the impacts of climate change in Bangladesh. Promoting Knowledge for Accountable Systems (PROKAS) Program of British Council, funded by UKAID is supporting the project financially now.
A session to share experience with the policymakers was organized by C3ER, BRAC University on 25 July 2017 at BRAC Inn, Mohakhali, Dhaka. The meeting was chaired by Dr. Ainun Nishat, Professor Emeritus and Adviser of the Centre for Climate Change and Environmental Research (C3ER), BRAC University. Dr. Saleemul Huq, Director of International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD); joined the meeting along with twenty five (25) Deputy Secretaries from different ministries, a Wing Commander from Air Force and a Major from Bangladesh Army.
The meeting started with a welcome speech by Dr. Ainun Nishat. He described the significance of improving compliance, transparency, inclusiveness and partnership in decision making and implementation process in climate change sector. He also mentioned about the measurable, reportable and verifiable (MRV) actions as part of the climate change mitigation commitments.
Dr. Huq, started his speech describing the vulnerability of Bangladesh due to climate change.
After that the interactive session started. The government officials raised some important questions and experts tried to solve those.
The Developing Midwives Project (DMP) organised an extended training in July 2017 for members of the midwifery faculty. The first part of the 13-days training was invested in reviewing the knowledge on midwifery, learning about new concepts, and refreshing the practical dimension of work. Nicknamed “faculty development training”, this edition of the bi-annual initiative also included sessions on interpersonal communication, English language skills, online safety, and social media. Trainers from DMP and John Hopkins University used participatory learning methodology in a congenial environment throughout the training. A total of 51 midwifery faculty from seven academic sites attended the training brimming with energy.
The capacity building initiative continued with a Training of Trainers (ToT) for 12 participants (all Senior Instructors and one core staff from each of the academic sites) who learned about the technicalities and modern trends in DMP’s high-stake mandate – the family planning dimension of work. Experts from ‘Ipas Bangladesh’ and ‘BAPSA’ facilitated the sessions. One of the major agendas of the training was pathways to generate new family planning acceptors with the help of midwives in the community.
Three MS students had their thesis defence on 17 July, 2017 and 23 July,2017. Mashiat Nawar Chowdhury worked at ICDDRB under the joint supervision of Professor Naiyyum Choudhury, Chairman, BAERA and Professor Firdausi Qadri, ICDDR,B. Her thesis title was “ In vivo propagation of monoclonal antibodies in ascites fluid produced in BALB/c mice: characterization and diagnostic application for the identification of Vibrio cholerae O1”. Afsana Tasnim Oshin carried out a research work entitled “Vaccine efficacy of a 45 kda outer membrane protein of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in mice models” under the joint supervision of Professor Naiyyum Choudhury, Chairman, BAERA and Prof. C. R. Ahsan, Dept. of Microbiology, DU.
On 24 July 2017, Shamima Begum defended her thesis work entitled “Keratinolytic protease production by a selected mutant of Bacillus licheniformis in submerged culture using chicken feather; storage stability and application as a detergent additive”. The work was carried out under the joint supervision of Professor Naiyyum Choudhury, Chairman, BAERA and Professor Md. Mozammel Hoq, Dept. of Microbiology, DU. The Examination Committees on both the days was chaired by Professor A F M Yusuf Haider, Chairperson, MNS Dept. Professor Mahboob Hosain and Dr. Aparna Islam were also present as members of the Examination Committee. The Examination Committee expressed satisfaction on the quality of work.
Illicit money and Illicit power are badly influencing public procurement. The procuring entities are facing various challenges during implementation of projects, especially at field level. Absence of a proper monitoring system of public procurement is one of the reasons, for which Bangladesh cannot ensure proper implementation of projects and its quality.
These were some of the observations of the participants at the 12th meeting of Public Private Stakeholders' Committee (PPSC) under Public Procurement Reform Project II of Central Procurement Technical Unit (CPTU) under Ministry of Planning. The meeting was held on the 8th June 2017 at the NEC Conference Room, Planning Commission Campus in the capital, which was facilitated by BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD), BRAC University.
Team leader of the social accountability component of PPRP-II Dr. Mirza M Hassan presented the findings of the monitoring report of pilot projects completed in two districts - Rangpur and Sirajganj - by the citizens committees. He also proposed scaling up the project on a national level.
He said the citizens committees monitored the textbook print quality and distribution of text books in 28 schools in the two districts at the first day of the year. They also monitored 19 projects (11 road constructions and 8 school building constructions) in these areas where the committees failed to monitor two projects out of the 19 due to interference by socially and politically influential persons.
Beyond the engagement of the Citizen Committees, the project was also able to successfully mobilize local communities for monitoring projects which led to conceptual and strategic innovation of a Site Specific Citizen Monitoring idea which we plan to replicate nationally, he added.
Implementation Monitoring and Evaluation Division (IMED) Secretary in Charge Md. Mofizul Islam, who also presided over the meeting, said, most of the citizens do not know that their money is being spent in public procurement. Increasing people’s awareness regarding public procurement will reduce the influence of Illicit money and Illicit power. The monitoring only by IMED personnel is not enough, and the citizens should have a role in monitoring the development projects. He added that proper monitoring of public procurement is an important issue for successful implementation of the projects. The government wants to ensure cent per cent transparency and accountability in public procurement.
In response to a question on formation of Citizens Committee he said, “Citizens committees should be formed with those persons, whose morals and ethics are above question. We need citizens' monitoring in purchasing of goods also, as we want to get value for money."
CPTU Director General Md. Faruque Hossain said there are various challenges in monitoring of the public projects by citizens committees, as there is no legal provision in this regard. If the government finds third party monitoring beneficial, the relevant rules will be changed to give it a legal basis.
Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman, Executive Director, BIGD; Mr. A.N.M. Mustafizur Rahman, World Bank; Dr. Kazi Ali Toufique, Research Director, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS); Mr. Ahmed Najmul Hussain, Administrative Director, BRAC; Engr. S. M. Khorshed Alam, Director, Bangladesh Association of Construction Industry; Mr. Ziaur Rahman, General Secretary, Economic Reporters’ Forum also made their valuable remarks and participated in discussion at the meeting.
The Public-Private Stakeholders’ Committee (PPSC) has been formed under the auspices of the Public Procurement Reform Project-II (PPRP-II) with representatives from business community, think tanks, and civil society organizations along with government officials, to institutionalise external monitoring and citizen engagement in different stages of public procurement.
A team from the Developing Midwives Project (DMP) visited the Obstetrical and Gynecological Society of Bangladesh Hospital in Mirpur, Dhaka to establish the country’s first midwifery-led health centre, where only midwives will extend adequate care and counseling to women in prenatal, delivery, and postnatal stages.
The concept of a midwifery-led care centre evolved around several grounds: it would potentially minimise the mishandling of pregnant women; and sensitise people about new and effective childbirth methods. The initiative is also expected to lessen maternal and neonatal complications while spreading awareness of midwifery in the community setting and helping secure professional credibility for the midwives.
Site assessment for the proposed Centre has been carried out and the DMP team also inspired midwives and midwifery students to engage with people in adjacent communities. Findings show that despite the urban setting, people from low-income groups, especially in the slums and the Bihari community, are devoid of adequate access to skilled birth attendants and harbour misconceptions. The Centre is expected to be helpful for the communities.
BRAC University is one the most renowned University in Bangladesh. The university has 32 clubs. Recently, the cricket club of Brac University which is known as Cricket BRAC University celebrated its 15 th Birthday. The club started its journey back in 2002 with 5 members. After 15 years this club has become one of the most successful clubs of the University. They have a working body of 20 peoples. Last Monday they celebrated the birthday of the Club in grand manner. The program started at 7pm in the evening in the auditorium. Ex-presidents and ex- players were present at the ceremony. The club gave crests to the ex-presidents as a token of appreciation. The advisor and co advisor of the club were also present at the ceremony they also received crests from the club for their sheer contribution and help towards CBU. Active color a merchandising company sponsored the whole event and they gave free T-shirts for the celebration. At first the ceremony started with a video of the history of the club along with the good wishes of the Ex-president and players. Following that all the ex-presidents and stuffs gave their valuable speeches for the future of the cricket club. The new working panel was declared on that day Ahmed Najin Khan retired from the post of president and handed the job to the new president Ahmed Raisus Salehin Maruf. Advisor of the club Mr. Supriyo Safkat Ahmed handed over the appointment letters to the newly recruited working body. They ended the celebration by cutting a cake.
* 11:00 PM, August 10, 2017
Students attending the Residential Semester (RS) in Fall 2017 will be registered for courses by the Registrar’s Office; therefore, they do not have to do pre-registration.
Vice Chancellor Certificate of Residential Semester, Fall-2016 will be distributed on Thursday, July 27, 2017 at 2.00 pm at Vice Chancellor's conference room.
Nominated students are required to report to the Vice Chancellor's office by 1.45pm to receive the certificates.
Find name of the students who have selected for the certificates below:
[ Students' list ]
Residential Campus, Savar
A seminar/discussion on “Is our universe a massive computer simulation?” was conducted by Professor Shafiqur Rahman at BRACU Auditorium on Thursday, July 20, 2017 at 11:00am. The speaker was introduced by Professor Dr. A. A. Ziauddin Ahmad. MNS chairperson Professor A F M Yusuf Haider along with faculty members and some students were present in the seminar. The speaker, Dr. Shafiqur Rahman is a Professor in the Physics Department at Allegheny College, USA. His current research is in the area of Statistical Physics (computer simulation of complex systems). He received his BS degree in Physics from Martin Luther University, Halle, Germany and his Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from Northwestern University, USA. In the seminar Dr. Rahman discussed the emerging field of Information Theory, an interesting conclusion of which is that the number of computations that can be performed in the universe has an upper limit and how this will lead to the death of the universe. Finally, new ideas was presented which tend to suggest that our entire universe, rather than being real, could be a gigantic computer simulation being performed by a highly advanced civilization.
First hand or practical learning is something that enables a learner's innate curiosity and the desire to investigate real phenomena which theoretical learning is not capable. Students of BRAC University had visited Millennium Textiles LTD, Boro Rangamatia, Ashulia, Savar on 20th JULY under the supervision of Ms. Tania Akter, faculty member of BRAC Business School.
The journey was start at 9.30 from BRAC University Mohakhali campus by university bus. Millennium Textiles (Southern) Ltd. manufactures casual and formal woven shirts and blouses. The company is based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Millennium Textiles (Southern) Ltd. operates as a subsidiary of Renaissance Group.
Khondokar Younus Al Hossain, Director and Md. Ashrafur Rahman, COO of the company was present in this event and they gave different information regarding their operations. This company has different unit for completing their work smoothly. These are Fabric store room, manufacturing unit, inspection room, boiling room, lunch room, day care service. The product manufacturing unit is divided in mainly four sections. These are: Cutting, Sewing, Finishing and Packaging. The quality check (QC) is under finishing section.
The leading role of a cutting department is to cut garment components from fabric rolls as per style specifications. Moreover, send the cut components to sewing department in bundles. The designs or styles are usually provided by the ordering company. However, the garment has specific unit for designing. They also produce their design by getting approval of ordering company. The fabrics also provided by the company. A cutting department of a garment manufacturing unit includes following sub-processes. Fabric spreading / layering on cutting table, marker making, machine cutting, shorting and bundling, inspection of cut components, re-cutting of panels if necessary.
Millennium Textiles (Southern) Ltd also offer some other benefits to their worker. They have day care system for the children of workers. The workers also have separate place to lunch. Counselling unit, union are also part of the company. They also provide incentives for excellent work.
The company in charge were present to help the students. They described everything in detail and answered every question. They were heartily allowing them to visit every section. This tour was a part of BUS 101 course taught by Ms. Tania Akter, faculty of BRAC Business School, to help students understand and get the feeling of real business environment, processes, and challenges, dealing orders from foreign buyers and the total process of finished garments and so on.
Water Aid Bangladesh organized a Financial Management Training on 17-20 July 2017 at CSS Ava Center, Rupsha Strand Road, Khulna. Mr. Biswajit Barai and Mr Probal Saha participated in the Training as the representative of C3ER. The event took place in order to train up financial management system to the partner organizations. The training started with a welcome speech by Md. Anwar Hossian Shikder, Director Finance and Accounts, Water Aid Bangladesh. He welcomed and informed everyone about the aim of this training.
Mr. Hasan Sarkar, Finance Officer, Water Aid Bangladesh gave a presentation and descried the training session. He also described the topics of training period in short like Concept, agreement, Vat & Tax, Financial report, Fund request, inventory, procurement process etc. Md. Moinul Haque, Finance Officer, Water Aid Bangladesh successfully completed many important session like agreement, books of accounts, financial reporting, petty cash register etc. Md. Anwar Hossian Shikder, Director Finance and Accounts opened the floor for group work, presentation and open discussion among the representative of partners NGO”s. At the end of the training period Water Aid Bangladesh gave a certificate for this successful Financial Management Training.
In 2017, two batches of midwives will be graduating with a 3-year ‘Diploma in Midwifery’. In July, all 163 students (2nd batch A) in five academic sites completed their course requirements. In this connection, all five academic sites (Dhaka urban at Mirpur, FIVDB in Sylhet, GBC-CHP in Mymensingh, LAMB in Dinajpur; and PHD in Khulna) organised colourful graduation ceremonies at their respective academic sites. Health professionals from the locality, midwifery graduates and students, their guardians and faculty members attended the ceremony. Shuriya Begum, Registrar of ‘Bangladesh Nursing & Midwifery Council’, attended the ceremony at the Dhaka site and applauded the initiative.
The outgoing students reminisced about their stay at the dormitory, appreciated the friendly learning environment and the precious moments they have had with juniors and the faculty members. The 3rd midwifery batch decorated the venue in honour of their seniors and wished them luck with their work. As a token of appreciation, DMP gave the graduating students stethoscope, digital thermometer, fetoscope, BP machine and measuring tape in a backpack that read “I am Midwife” in Bengali.
Publication during July, 2017
An article titled “MPS for H1 of FY 18: Expectations” was published in The Financial Express dated 17 July, 2017. The article analyzed the challenges presently prevailing in the financial sector as well as the real economy that should be addressed in upcoming Monetary Policy Statement (MPS). The challenges include persistence of high spread between interest rate on deposits and on advances, high excess liquidity in banking system, real interest on deposits turning negative, rising volume of classified loan, slow growth of credit to the private sector, large scale capital flight, dramatic slowdown of export growth and devastating fall of remittances.
A four page interview article was published on 16 July, 2017 in Arthojagat, a fortnightly financial magazine. The article dealt with challenges to implementation of FY 18 budget, credibility of government’s estimate of 7.24% of GDP growth for FY 17, desirability of allocation from the budget to meet capital shortage of state owned banks, problem of rising nonperforming loan in the banking system, creation of business friendly environment etc.
Other Activities during July, 2017
03 July: Dr. Mirza Azizul Islam along with Mr. G.M. Quader, former Minister of Commerce participated in a talk-show broadcast by TV Channel News 24. The discussions dealt with the issues connected with the realization of various targets envisaged in FY 18 budget relating to GDP growth, inflation, collection of revenues, mobilization of external assistance and implementation of Annual Development Program.
09 July: Dr. Mirza Azizul Islam participated in an Expert Group Consultation convened by Bangladesh Bank regarding the upcoming Monetary Policy Statement for the first half of FY 18. The participants included former Governors of Bangladesh Bank and a number of eminent economists and bankers. The discussions dealt with what should be the focus of attention in the monetary policy statement in view of the prevailing situation in both financial and real sectors of the economy.
I6 July: Dr. Mirza Azizul Islam was the only discussant in a TV program broadcast by Ekushey TV. The discussion focused on the implications of postponement of the new VAT law in the budget for FY 18, implementation challenges for the budget and constraints to private investment. Suggestions were offered regarding measures needed to deal with the relevant challenges.
I8 July: Dr. Mirza Azizul Islam participated in a TV program broadcast by Channel DBC. The other participant was Mr. Jamal Uddin, Member Board of Directors of Bangladesh Bank and Secretary General of Bangladesh Economic Association. The discussion dealt with the justification or otherwise of the Finance Minister’s statement that the Government is considering the change of fiscal year from July-June.
19 July: Dr. Mirza Azizul Islam participated in a TV program broadcast by News 24 channel as the only discussant. The discussions covered a wide range of economic issues such as likely GDP growth, constraints to private sector investment, drastic slowdown of export growth, major decline in remittances, implementation of FY 18 budget and the latest Monetary Policy Statement i.e. for the first half of FY 18 etc.
New Faces at BRAC University
Mr. K. M. Nafiul Haque joined as Lecturer at BRAC Business School (BBS) in July 2017. Mr. Haque completed his BBA and MBA in Accounting and Information Systems from the University of Dhaka. Later on he did another MBA in Information Systems from the Emporia State University, USA.
Dr. Mohd. Raeed Jamiruddin joined as Assistant Professor at the department of Pharmacy in July 2017. Dr. Jamiruddin achieved his Doctor of Philosophy in Molecular Physiology from Kumamoto University, Japan. Earlier he completed his B.Sc and M.Sc in Microbiology from the University of Dhaka.
Ms. Shejuti Rahman Brishty joined as Lecturer at the department of Pharmacy in July 2017. Ms. Shejuti accomplished her B.Pharm and M.Pharm from the University of Dhaka. After that she did Master of Medical Science in Biomedicine from Uppsala University, Sweden.
Mr. Saif Shahriar Rahman Nirzhor joined as Lecturer at the department of Pharmacy in July 2017. Mr. Nirzhor completed his B.Sc in Physiology and M.Pharm in Pharmaceutics from the University of Minnesota, USA.
Mr. Masrur Bin Ansari joined as Lecturer at the School of Law (SoL) in July 2017. Mr. Ansari completed his L.L.B and L.L.M in from the University of Dhaka.
Mr. S M Hasib Mahmud joined as Lecturer at the School of Law (SoL) in July 2017. Mr. Mahmud completed his first L.L.B from BRAC University and later from the University of London. He accomplished his L.L.M from Southeast University.
Ms. Shaheen Akter joined as Assistant Director at the Professional Development Centre (PDC) in July 2017. Ms. Akter completed her B.Sc from Eden Girls’ College. She did her M.Sc in Psychology and M.Ed in Guidance and Counseling from the University of Dhaka. Later on she did her M.Phil in Multicultural and International Education from the Oslo University College, Norway.
Ms. Shireen Akhter joined as Senior Faculty Development Specialist at the Professional Development Centre (PDC) in July 2017. Ms. Akhter completed her B.A. and M.A. in English Literature from National University.
Ms. Fazila Khatun joined as Assistant Staff Nurse at the BRAC University, Savar Campus in July 2017. Ms. Khatun completed her Diploma in Nursing Science and Midwifery from Nursing Institute, Panchagarh.
Management and Admin
Ms. Sophia Najma Chaudhury joined as Communications Coordinator at the Office of Communications (OoC) in July 2017. Ms. Chaudhury completed her B.Sc and M.Sc in Economics from the University of Dhaka. She did an MS in Population Management and Development at Center for Population Activities (CEFPA), USA.
Mr. Mohd. Nurul Hyder Bhuiyan joined as Senior Officer, Finance and Accounts at the Finance and Accounts department in July 2017. Mr. Bhuiyan completed his B.Com in Management from National University and M.Com in Management from Jagannath University.
Mr. Md. Zillur Rahman joined as Officer, Fixed Assets at the Finance and Accounts department in July 2017. Mr. Rahman completed his B.Com and M.Com in Management from National University.
Mr. Md. Mojammel Haque joined as Satellite Operation Engineer at the department of Computer Science and Engineering in July 2017. Mr. Haque just completed his B.Sc in Electronics from BRAC University.
Ms. Most. Sarmin Akter joined as Assistant Nurse at the Medical Centre in July 2017. She completed her Diploma in Nursing Science and Midwifery from Nursing Institute, Panchagarh.
Left from BRAC University
The following members were separated from BRAC University in July 2017:
Ms. Linia Tashmim, Lecturer, Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (MNS)
Ms. Sabrina Rahman Archie, Lecturer, Department of Pharmacy (PHR)
Ms. Manal Anis, Lecturer, Department of Architecture (ARC)
Ms. Sonia Corraya, Lecturer, Department of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE)
Ms. Nazia Alam, Lecturer, Department of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE)
Mr. Md. Yusuf Khalil, Assistant System Programmer, Library
Mr. Ipshitt Tarafdar, Officer, Co-curricular Activities, Office of Co-curricular Activities (OCA)
Mr. F. A. Dain Md. Opo, Lab Officer, Department of Pharmacy (PHR)
Ms. Bristi Bernadette Palma, Admission and Registration Officer, Office of the Registrar
Ms. Romana Nasrin, Assistant Staff Nurse, Savar Campus
Associate Professor, Dr. Farzana Munshi of ESS had her paper published in RAND Working Paper Series, titled as "Transitions Between Informal and Formal Employment: Results from a Worker Survey in Bangladesh"
[We document transitions between different types of formal and informal employment using retrospective job histories from a new survey of 2,000 workers in two metropolitan areas of Bangladesh. We find that workers transitioning between jobs are most likely to remain in the same type of employment, but that there is substantial churn across employment types. Private wage employees are most likely to transit to a new job, and the observed changes in earnings and job benefits provide evidence of upward mobility. Nevertheless, we also find a non-trivial risk of downward mobility, especially for those transitioning into casual employment, which has the lowest level of earnings and benefits and the highest levels of exposure to workplace hazards and violence. Our results also suggest that self-employment is not always an activity of last resort. 30% of workers who leave private employment move to self-employment; among these workers, many quit voluntarily, and most report that they prefer it to wage employment. Overall, our findings suggest that there are elements of informal employment consistent with both the traditional view that it is a segmented portion of the labor market with few prospects of upward mobility, and the alternative view that it is a dynamic, entrepreneurial alternative to wage employment.]
Link of the publication: https://www.rand.org/pubs/working_papers/WR1199.html
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